WHAT IS THE INTERNET OF THINGS
The IoT (Internet of things) is a neologism that indicates the applications working on the internet allowing the interaction with real devices. Examples of this technology are those apps that allow control, automation and detection of thermostats, cameras, light sensors, humidity sensors, wearable watches (objects that can be worn, such as bracelets and watches).
EVOLUTION OF IoT
Business operators foresee that in 2020 there will be more than 25 billion IoT devices and the growth in the distribution of electronical devices and of sensors will be accompanied by the growth of the applications.
From the fridge, passing through watches and traffic lights, all the devices can be considered examples of the IoT as long as they are connected to the web and are able to transmit and receive data.
Video surveillance and security management in smart homes are already consolidated IoT applications, as well as smart cities’traffic management.
Furthermore, more complex technological solutions, such as smart meters and domotic solutions are becoming more and more wide-spread.
APPLICATION FIELDS OF THE INTERNET OF THINGS
The application fields of the IoT technology are: Smart Homes, Smart Buildings, Smart Cities, Smart Mobility, Smart Manufacturing, Smart Grid, Smart Car,…
HOW PMF RESEARCH CONTRIBUTES
TO THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGIES
VOLCAN GUARD: A NETWORK OF SENSORIAL KNOTS, SENTINELS OF CHANGES OF VOLCANO ETNA
Thanks to the cooperation between P.M.F. Research and the Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering of the University of Catania together with the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology it has been possible to develop the Volcan Guard project, financed in the field of 188.8.131.52 measure “Incentives in favor of research development and innovation” (OP ERDF Sicily 2007/2013).
The project aimed at developing a low cost network of sensorial knots that were able to detect the variation of some inertial quantities or concentration of gas. This monitoring network was thought to give a qualitative indication of how the observed quantities change over time.
SECESTA: MONITORING SYSTEM OF VOLCANIC ASH
The project SECESTA (Sensors for the monitoring of volcanic ash in the Air Transport Service) has been developed starting from the problem of the dispersion in the atmosphere of the ash produced during the explosive activity of Volcano Etna, representing a serious risk for the Airport of Catania.
Indeed, during the periods of activity, the volcanic ash cloud may cause not only serious damages to the road viability, to the sewer systems, to the agriculture and to the towns lying on the slopes of Etna, but the ash is above all a concrete risk factor for the air traffic, both civil and not.
P.M.F. Research gave its contribution in the implementation of a monitoring system of the volcanic ash that was able to detect the exact position of the volcanic ash cloud with the purpose of providing in time alerts and suggestions to the aeronautical users.